What You Must Know about Vaginal Yeast Infection

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva.

Over 90% of vaginal yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans. Vaginal yeast infection is typically noted as yeast vaginitis, Candidal vaginitis, or Candidal vulvovaginitis.

Vaginal yeast infections are quite common in ladies. It’s calculable that seventy-five of all ladies can have a minimum of one in her period.vaginal yeast infection affects up to three out of four ladies at some purpose in their lifetimes. many ladies expertise a minimum of 2 episodes

Image credit@ Mayo

The vagina usually contains a healthy balance of bacterium and yeast. The hormone estrogen helps bacterium known as lactobacilli to grow. These bacteria kill harmful organisms within the vagina and keep you healthy,  however, once something happens to tip that balance, a fungus is known as Candida will grow out of management and cause a yeast infection.

Symptoms

  • Vaginal pain and soreness
  • Pain during intercourse or while urinating
  • Redness, irritation, or soreness of the vagina or vulva
  • Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal rash
  • Thick, white, odour-free vaginal discharge

Causes of  Yeast infections

There are several reasons you may get a yeast infection, including:

Hormones: Changes throughout pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause (or if you’re taking contraception pills) will amend the balance in your vagina.

Antibiotics: This medication will exterminate several of the bacteria that live in your vagina. Douches and vaginal sprays: the utilization of that merchandise will amend the balance in your vagina.

 Diabetes: If your diabetes isn’t well-controlled, the rise in sugar within the mucous membranes of your vagina will create an abode for the yeast to grow.

A weakened immune system: If you’re HIV-positive or have another immune system disorder, the yeast may grow uncontrolled. Sex: although a yeast infection isn’t thought of a sexually transmitted infection, it may be passed from person to person through sexual contact.

 

Prevention

To scale back your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underclothing that incorporates a cotton crotch and does not fit too tightly.

It would conjointly help to avoid:

  • Douching, that removes a number of the conventional bacterium in the vagina that shields you from infection Staying in wet garments, like swimsuits and exercise apparel, for long periods of your time
  • Tightly fitting pantyhose
  • Scented feminine merchandise, as well as a bubble bath, pads and tampons
  • Unnecessary antibiotic use, such as for colds or alternative viral infections
  • Hot tubs and very hot baths

 

Diagnosis

your doctor may:

  • Perform a pelvic examination. Your doctor examines your external genitalia for signs of infection.
  • Test vaginal secretions. Your doctor could send a sample of vaginal fluid for testing to see the kind of fungus inflicting the yeast infection.
  • Raise questions on your medical record. This may embody gathering info concerning past vaginal infections or sexually transmitted infections.

Treatment

Treatment may depend on the severity and frequency of your infections.

Your doctor may recommend:

  • Your doctor may prescribe a one-time, single oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan). Oral medication is not suggested if you are pregnant.
  • An antifungal medication for 3 to seven days can sometimes clear a yeast infection. The drug may be a cream, ointment, tablet or suppository example includes miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole
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